579.5 Gender differentials in the socio-economic well-being of older persons in Lagos state, Nigeria

Friday, August 3, 2012: 3:30 PM
Faculty of Economics, TBA
Oral Presentation
Olanrewaju Emmanuel AJIBOYE , Sociology, Lagos State University, , Lagos, Nigeria
National and international organizations continue to express concerns on older persons worldwide, and have suggested measures for improving their lives and overall well-being within the framework of sustainable development. However, a common experience is that of disentitlements of the older persons regarding their person and other rights. Theoretically, older persons are not a homogenous group. It has been observed that the gender of the individual affects access and opportunities to the available old age security system. For a significant proportion of older persons in Nigeria, socio-economic, socio-demographic, and socio-cultural factors play important roles in influencing their life- course experiences and overall socio-economic well being in later life. This study focuses on the differentials in the situations and capabilities of older persons in Lagos State rather than viewing them as a homogeneous group. The triangulation method was used for the collection of research information. A multi-stage sampling procedure was adopted to select the respondents included in the study. The data collected were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 10.0. Cross-tabulations of social and economic characteristics were done to allow for a general description of the respondents and their household characteristics. Hypotheses testing were done at two levels, using both the chi-square and logistic regression analysis. Chi-square was used to test the level of significant relationship between independent and dependent variables; while the logistic regression technique was used to determine the net effect of explanatory factors on the probability that the gender of the older persons would influence their overall socio-economic well being. This study found that male and female older persons exhibited differences in socio-economic well-being in their later lives. The study further found that inequality in personal income and socio-economic well being is influenced by gender and life course experiences.