301.3 The new status of Russian science: The results of reforms for last 20 years in the scientific sphere

Thursday, August 2, 2012: 1:00 PM
Faculty of Economics, TBA
Oral Presentation
Nadia ASHEULOVA , Centre for the Sociology of Science Studies, Russian Academy of Science, Russia
Svetlana DUSHINA , Center for Sociology of Science and Science Studies, Research Fellow, St Petersburg, Russia
The paper is based on an annual sociological monitoring of science transformation in Russia, which has been caring out by the Center for Sociology of Science and Science Studies of IHST of RAS.

This research helped to retrospectively analyze reforms in Russia's science over the period of 1991 to 2011. The reforming period of Russian science may be defined by stages as crisis (1991 to 1996), transformation (1996 to 2001), stagnation (2002 to 2005), a new phase of reforms (2006 to 2011).

The special attention is spared to the stage of new phase of reforms. Its measures to reform science are the most significant ones. Their implementation is supposed to crucially enhance the role of science in the Russian society and facilitate Russia’s transition to a stage of stable economic development and helps Russian scientists to become members of international scientific community.

This research reported will also highlight science & technology policy in Russia, mechanisms of interaction of science, government, industry and society, transformation of science, changes in organization and administration of science, system of financing, scientist staff, disciplinary structure of science, science in centre and periphery, training of young scholars, professional and inpatrial mobility, international mobility, connection with scientific diasporas.