The Emergence and Development of Anti-Human Trafficking Advocacy Worldwide
Using data on 1,861 anti-trafficking NGOs worldwide as well as secondary sources to qualitatively analyze the historical development of anti-trafficking advocacy globally, this study demonstrates a more complicated process than either perspective predicts. While world polity correctly posits the important influence of IGOs and INGOs, it tends to underestimate the role of domestic NGOs and states in advocacy and overstate the coherence of world cultural principles and cooperation among INGOs. While the coercion perspective shows us that powerful states can work to define issues in ways that support their interests and engage in global agenda setting using political and economic influence, it underestimates the autonomy and/or influence of states and INGOs headquartered in the global south. A more nuanced perspective would help us to better analyze the emergence and development of issue-based advocacy worldwide as well as the role of states, IGOs, and NGOs in global governance.