Heating Practices and Non-Technical Energy Saving Potentials
Our quantitative data contains the actual energy use of 130 households as well as the calculated energy requirements of their apartments (which depends on physical insulation, size and location of the flats within the building). Combining these data, we can distinguish two factors determining energy consumption: “behavior of the household” versus “physical energy requirement of the flat”, both with a rather high variation (VAR > 0.4).
Additionally we interviewed 50 of these households with standardized as well as open questions concerning their energy use, individual heating, and ventilation comfort. We then seek to explain the heating behavior with a special focus on heating comfort, need for fresh air, ease of handling, and frugality. Controls comprise technical knowledge, time spent in flat etc. On this basis organizational non-technical energy saving potentials should be identified. This may result in a more targeted moving of households with behaviorally induced high energy spending to better insulated flats – thus mitigating “fuel poverty” as well as climate change.