The Diverse Paths of Individualisation in East Asian Societies: Findings from the Fifth (2005-2009) and Sixth Wave (2010 – 2014) of World Values Survey
Using the personal value instrument tool developed by Schwartz (2007) and indicators of emancipative values developed by Welzel (2013), this paper measures the level of individualism and civicness, as well as different aspects of ‘emancipative values’, based on data from the fifth (2005-2009) and sixth wave (2010 – 2014) of the World Values Survey. The findings suggest that diverse paths of individualisation can be identified in East Asian and Western societies and also among societies within the East Asian region. This paper analyses the impact of modernisation and how it shapes the changing state-family-individual relationships, resulting in diverse paths of individualisation in East Asian societies. The analysis points to the need to develop new typologies of individualisation and new indicators which are able to capture the complexity of the development in different societies and how these modernisation projects are manifested in personal attitudes and values towards private relationship with family and friends and collective life in economic production and political participation under different local circumstances in an increasing globalised world.