Gender Roles in Television Commercials in Asia: A Comparison of Japan, Korea, China, Taiwan, Thailand, and Singapore
This comparative content analysis result of 2,450 sampling advertisements, collected randomly during August and October in 2013 in these six Asian countries, show that there are significant differences of gender, age, type of role, type of working role, type of non-working role of the main character, and gender of voice-over among these Asian countries. Most of the findings of this investigation are similar to previous results in the literature in terms of the gender of the main character, voice-over, and age of male and female characters.
However, this research result refutes the conclusion that the roles of males and females in advertising correspond accurately to the construction of gender roles in reality. In contrast, the advertisements analyzed seem to reflect an ideal image of gender roles in society. Moreover, the results of gender roles in television commercials in some countries show equality in gender roles, and this supports the concept of a decrease of gender stereotyping in advertisements.