Precarity and Surrogacy: An Untold Tale of Assisted Reproductive Technologies of India
This paper, thus, articulates the interrelation between surrogacy and precarity through India’s huge commercial surrogacy industry and reflects on the following issues: Do lived experiences of surrogates and their precarious existence forms the precariat, the alleged emerging class composed of people experiencing precarity? Does there now exist another variety of ‘division of labour and concomitant inequality ’ in reproduction—between precariat women who ‘sell eggs or rent their uteruses’ and affluent women who pay for them? Are precariat Women of the South increasingly reduced to numbers, targets, wombs, tubes and other reproductive parts only? Do these technologies discriminate between women in terms of race, social class, and developed/developing nations where the surrogate women suffer from failing social and economic networks of support and become differentially exposed to injury, violence, and death? Finally, have these called for a revisiting of discourses within the feminist theorizations, particularly in the Third World on women’s fast growing precarization and its unexplored forms?