Roots and Fruits of Population Growth: Back to Malthus or Forward to Marx?
1. The history and sources of growth in world population over the past two centuries (in particular mortality and fertility) and its eventual stabilisation
2. Two basic approaches to world population growth: The Malthusian approach which views growth as catastrophe, and the Marxian approach, which sees the result of population growth as contingent on social conditions and responses
3. The options which humanity faces given the anticipated growth of world population and its redistribution
(1) United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division (2015). World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision, custom data acquired via website, http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp/DataQuery/