Decline of the Established Religions and New Primordial Religiosity in Social Engagements in Japan
This case study discusses several examples such as palliative and terminal care, soup-run for homeless people, lifeline and community café, and chaplaincy by monks, which does not intend to proselytize but to provide social supports to the needy. In conclusion, new religiosity that attracts religious persons and scholars nowadays seems to exist in the niches of life and death, social classes, and various conflicts. Therefore, secular actions that bridge these niches become religious. The boundary of religious-secular will become more obscure and interchangeable in 21st century Japan.