In Search of Hybrid Professionalism in Italy: A First Attempt
The questionnaire was submitted to 198 physicians, employed by the Italian NHS, working in Marche region. They are relatively homogeneous in terms of age (average age: 57) but heterogeneous in terms of their contractual level and organizational context: the group is composed of 144 hospital doctors, 19 physicians working in community services and 35 community paediatricians.
Three clusters appear to emerge from our statistical analysis: the most significant one combines characteristics of the hybrid model with some of the professional model and none of the organizational model; the second cluster presents many characteristics of the hybrid model, some of the traditional model and others of the organizational model. The third cluster does not acknowledge any items of the three identified models. Our results seem to raise many questions both at a methodological (validation of the tool) and at a theoretical level (how consistent are the hybrid model and the organizational model in Italian contexts?)