Feminist Struggles over Social Reproduction: In the Squares and Beyond
Feminist contestations over social reproduction recognize that socializing reproductive work is an essential starting point for women’s participation in the public sphere. However, it is also central to the more egalitarian gender orders and democratic social orders. Politicising social reproduction forces a larger conceptualization of both the political and the economic, and can provoke a rethinking of the core democratic demands of anti-austerity movements. Social reproduction is central to women’s participation, to their democratic voice, but is also central to the content of democracy.
Since the squares movements of 2011 feminist initiatives in Spain centring social reproduction have proliferated, all with historical lineages to earlier feminist struggles. Through an empirical study of these initiatives, we seek to understand to what extent socially reproductive practices in the squares were sites of feminist contestation and have precedents in women’s movements prior to the square, how they persist beyond the square in time and space, and how such practices impact feminist struggles over citizenship and political subjectivity.