“Urban Mobility and Gender Inequality in the Modern World." an Assessment of UN Habitat -- UN Women Programs to Eradicate Sexual Harassment Against Women in the Urban Transportation System.

Thursday, 14 July 2016
Location: Hörsaal 33 (Main Building)
Distributed Paper
Arturo ALVARADO, El Colegio de Mexico, Mexico
Urban transportation is an axis of the productive and reproductive urban system. Is an archetypical manifestation of the quality of life, accessibility of public services and (in)equality in our every day life in cities. This includes, metro lines, buses and several other types of transportation, such as taxis. Transportation in contemporary cities is organized around a centralized, massive system to support productive activities, with a strong dominance on male activities. Women in this system are subordinated to male dominant activities even taught their necessities and types of mobility are different from males. (Nava, 2015) proposes that women trips are associated to multiple purposes, more associated with their household or tasks related to family reproduction, domestic task and to the sexual division of work. They tend to use marginal forms of transportation which limits to mobility.

Transportation is link to insecurity and violence against women. Alvarado (2015) shows that the transportation system is a space where several types of aggression and violence occur quite often. Some of this problems are related to the structural characteristics of the transportation system (saturation, reduce and inconvenient spaces, and ergonomic system design for men, several routes are unsecure with lacks of police surveillance), which in turn converts the system in opportunities to commit illicit and violent activities. Women are more likely to be victims of several types of sexual violence. The study will show how the contemporary transportation is both a space and a context to exert sexual violence against women. Iis base in both quantitative analysis using some new geographic and sociological Gender orientations. It is also based in a set of interviews with women to analyze the types of incidents and risk they are subject in the transportation.  The paper will also show some new programs design to eradicate these types of violence.