Identification, Rescue, and Social Intervention with the Victims of Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation in Spain

Monday, 11 July 2016: 09:00
Location: Hörsaal 07 (Main Building)
Oral Presentation
Carmen MENESES, Comillas University, Spain
Jorge UROZ, Comillas University, Spain
The aim of this paper is to describe the needs and difficult to identify, rescue and intervention with victims of trafficking for sexual exploitation in Spain. 52 open questionnaires to NGOs working with victims of trafficking in Spain were collected and 22 interviews to victims of trafficking. The results show that: 1) Most people who were trafficked are women, and that a significant section of them came into Spain and in Europe as minors. 2) An important sector of women coming from Latin America, by existing ties with Spanish culture and Spanish language. Some of these women knew that they will came to Spain to work as prostitutes, but they were tricked in the conditions they will have. 3) Another group comes from Eastern Europe, especially Romania; they were very young women coming deceived by a love relationship until they reached Spain and then they were distributed in different brothels in the country. 4) Other women came from sub-Saharan Africa, with different routes of entry in Spain. These women had the worst conditions during all the way arrival until Spain, with aggressions and continuing violations. 5) The last group come from Asia, especially China, it was a difficult group to detect and identify. 6) women were not unaware of being victims of a crime, except in cases of conditions of abuse  (continuous maltreatment and rape); 7) the rescue must do so with caution to not put your life in danger; 8) women requires refuge, protection, safety and to meeting basic needs; 9) when the rescue have been achieved, women have to decide whether to return home or benefit from a program of social integration in host country. 10) The key elements of social intervention are empowerment, resilience, and trauma-focused intervention.