Islam, State, War on Terror and Democracy in the Middle East
To answer such question, we believe that the “history” of regional political conflicts might shed some light on this issue. Hence, we consider three themes in this paper: First, we discuss the role of Islam in the regional political developments. Second, we use both historical and institutional analysis to explain the role of State in the future of democracy in the region. Third, we focus on “WOT”, “Globalization” and “Post-National” theories in which apparently state has lost its classical role. Our findings show that, the future of the peace, stability and democracy in the Middle East would not be achieved through WOT, but through moderate explanation of Islam and development of democratic political institutions.