Convergences of General System Theory, Critical Realism and Theory of Society
A special focus is given to the post-Luhmannian attempts to reframe the social (Wan 2011). They show a striking affinity of two strands: Critical Realism, on the one hand, that is grounded in some Marxian assumptions and dialectical logic, and Emergentist Systemism, on the other, as the gist of Systems Philosophy so far (Hofkirchner 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016).
In the light of those convergences, also some Luhmannian topoi can be revisited and interpreted so as to fit a more coherent social theory.
Wolfgang Hofkirchner (2013) Self-Organisation as the Mechanism of Development and Evolution in Social Systems. In: Archer, M. S. (ed.), Social Morphogenesis, Springer, Dordrecht, 125-143
Wolfgang Hofkirchner (2014) On the Validity of Describing ‘Morphogenic Society’ as a System and Justifiability of Thinking About It as a Social Formation. In: Archer, M. S. (ed.), Late Modernity, Springer, Dordrecht, 119-141
Wolfgang Hofkirchner (2015) “Mechanisms” at Work in the Information Society. In: Archer, M. S. (ed.), Generative Mechanisms Transforming the Social Order, Springer, Dordrecht, 95-112
Wolfgang Hofkirchner (2016) Ethics from Systems: Origin, Development and Current State of Normativity. In: Archer, M. S. (ed.), Morphogenesis and Normativity, Springer, Dordrecht, 239-253 (in print)
Poe Yu-Ze Wan (2011) Reframing the Social: Emergentist Systemism and Social Theory. Ashgate, Surrey