Critical Perspective on the Influence of Professional Organizations in the Construction of Curricula of Undergraduate Courses in Accounting
In Brazil, the Law of Guidelines and Foundations of National Education, together with Resolution. 10/2004 of the National Council of Education, expresses that universities have the autonomy to outline the syllabuses of university courses in Accounting. However, access to the accounting profession requires the attendance of a course recognized by the respective Professional Order and the overcoming of an entrance exam.
This study aimed at verifying, in the context of professional regulation, if Brazilian universities maintain their autonomy when defining the curricula of higher education aimed at graduating the professional accountant, from the Accounting coordinators’ perceptions .
In the theoretical approach, it was used, as a conceptual framework, the sociology of professions and their theoretical currents: the functionalist, the interactionist, and the critical approach. It is an exploratory, descriptive and bibliographical study, combining quantitative and qualitative methods. The population studied included all the coordinators from Colleges of Science in Accounting in Brazil, with validated sample within the statistical probabilities.
The results show that the coordinators perceived that Brazilian universities have lost their autonomy in the construction of curricula of undergraduate courses in Accounting, which are subject to legal and contributory influences from Federal Accounting Council, Ministry of Education, contributions of the course’s teachers themselves and International Organizations.