Biopolitics As Method
Foucault's “biopolitical hypothesis” is discussed in depth and subsequently problematized in its methodological implications. As a red thread, the research question which is deployed is the following: how can a biopolitical framework help us in defining the specific features of the ecological crisis? To properly answer, the paper proposes a methodological understanding of the notion of biopolitics based on some revisions to it proposed by Giorgio Agamben and Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri. Through a critical discussion of some of their philosophical formulations, a (post)Marxist-Foucauldian methodology is proposed. It is grounded on three fundamental assumptions: a) the simultaneously ontological and historical character of the concept of freedom in the late Foucault; b) the politico-epistemological explanatory power provided by the notion of antagonistic tendency as elaborated by the Italian workerist tradition, and lately popularised by Hardt and Negri; c) the philosophical articulation of the relation between ontology and politics such as the one proposed by Agamben, in which the two elements are thought as distinct but inseparable: they are not the same thing, but outside of their relation they lose their meaning as theoretical categories.