Adolescent Students As Media Fictional Characters: Preventing and Repairing Poor Engagements Between Teenagers and School through Media Literacy.
Media fictional narrations on adolescents as characters and target are used by teenage audiences when looking for references for their identity building. As a starting point for Media Literacy activities to help teenage students in this process, this research focuses on the representations of adolescent students proposed by different kinds of media fictional narrations. Three European narrations have been chosen in order to analyse and compare different genres, codes and values: the television series «Física o Química» and the films «Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix» and «The Class». A classic narrative analysis approach has been applied in order to encourage teachers to use this kind of Media Literacy activities by employing methodologies that they are familiar with. The results show that such a methodology could facilitate the comparative analysis of important coincidences between these examples (such as the importance of friendships and couple relationships) and also underlines meaningful differences (like orientation to the future). The study -done in Secondary Schools of Madrid during 2013 and 2014- shows the viability of the proposal in order to be applied with adolescents, even in disadvantaged or multicultural contexts.