Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Confucianism and the Emergence of Right Reason: Natural Law, Human Fallibility and the Transcendence of God
Natural law, when coupled with a weak notion of human fallibility should, as in Confucianism, preclude the need for revelation. In Judaism, where there is reasoned access to a notion of justice that regulates God’s actions and no belief akin to original sin, we nonetheless find revelation. I explore the effects of the way this revelation was understood, arguing that Judaic revelation established a pattern of religious commitment that constituted a tendency that transcended its origins, eventually obviating the need for revelation within the context of rationally-regulated disputation. While other social conditions for the genesis of democracy were absent in Jewish history, a tendency towards the rational and discursive adjudication of intellectual disputes became manifest, one that facilitated the emergence of natural religion.