Relationship Between Leisure, Unemployment and Labour Force

Tuesday, 12 July 2016
Location: Dachgeschoss (Juridicum)
Distributed Paper
Naina SHARMA, University of Rajasthan, India
The labour force is defined as the number of people of working age, who are either employed or actively looking for work. The participation rate is the number of people in the labour force divided by the size of the adult civilian noninstitutional population. The nonlabour force includes those who are not looking for work, those who are institutionalised such as in prisons or psychiatric wards, stay-at home spouses, children, and those serving in the military. The unemployment level is defined as the labour force minus the number of people currently employed. The unemployment rate is defined as the level of unemployment divided by the labour force. The employment rate is defined as the number of people currently employed divided by the adult population. In these statistics, self-employed people are counted as employed. Variables like employment level, unemployment level, labour force, and unfilled vacancies are called stock variables because they measure a quantity at a point in time. They can be contrasted with flow variables which measure a quantity over a duration of time. Changes in the labour force are due to flow variables such as natural population growth, net immigration, new entrants, and retirements from the labour force. Changes in unemployment depend on: inflows made up of non-employed people starting to look for jobs and of employed people who lose their jobs and look for new ones; and outflows of people who find new employment and of people who stop looking for employment. When looking at the overall macroeconomy, several types of unemployment have been identified, including: Frictional unemployment, Structural unemployment, Natural rate of unemployment, Demand deficient unemployment etc. Leisure activities also affects the rate of unemployment and out put of labour forces. The present paper is an effort to analyse the relationship between Leisure, Unemployment and Labour Forces.