------ New Social Movements in Brazil: The Role of Politics, Mediators and the Mass Media in the Transformation of the Mobilizations and Protests in the Streets Today.

Tuesday, 12 July 2016: 16:30
Location: Hörsaal BIG 2 (Main Building)
Oral Presentation
Maria da Gloria GOHN, University of Campinas, Brazil
Since the TWENTIETH century, the 1980 Brazil lives waves of different cycles of mobilizations, protests and social movements organized. Until 1988, the main axis was the fight against the dictatorship, the country's political democratization, social rights and citizenship. After 1988 has had a long period of mobilization for the rights of specific categories. In this period, the process of democratization has led to construction of extensive network of State policies and support structures. Apparently, social movements had conquered spaces for meeting their demands in various areas of society. However, in 2013 erupt large demonstrations and protests and the scenario of the mobilizations radically changes in Brazil.  They are organized by arrangements that are emergent and often loosely structured. As such, these forms and modes of organizing can be described as leaderless and structureless.  However, there are some organizations of the “organizationless”.The dynamics of leadership and participation in the kinds of demonstrations and protests are decentralized and they contest tthe hegemonic forms of power that have in the syndicates, and  the agrarian movements.

This paper asks about the role of these organizations, the relations (or not) with state bureaus, agents of social control, corporations, local/regional/national politicians, and the mass media in this process. The leading hypothesis is that there was in the 2000-2010 a disconnect between social policies, social control created, and the real needs of society, especially the young. The paper addresses two basic questions: what factors and actors have played a decisive role in the mobilizations and protests on the streets from June 2013 in Brazil; and by social movements articulated policies and social control processes encouraged by the State, throughout the 2010, have not adapted to the changes that were occurring in the wider society? What news brings the brand new social movements organized and convened the population for major events from 2013. How they to organize?