Familialism in Spain: Do Policies Match Individual Preferences?
The paper has two objectives. First, I compare the current child- and elderly care policies implemented and determine the extent to which they match individuals’ preferences. Second, I determine the social determinants of care work responsibility preferences. I use 2012 representative survey data on Spanish residents collected in the frame of the International Social Survey Programme (module Family and Changing Gender Roles IV). The sample size comprises 2595 respondents aged 18 and over. I apply cluster analysis techniques to four survey items in order to distinguish patterns of individual preferences regarding the organization of care work between familialistic, state, or market/third sector orientations. I then apply multinomial logistic regression in order to assess the influence of a set of independent variables for predicting these care work preference patterns. Drawing on two theories – self-interest and ideational theories – used in welfare attitudinal research, I assess the influence of sex, parenthood, age, employment status, education, income, political orientation and gender ideology on care work responsibility preferences.