Gender and Family Transformation in Globalization's Wake: The Indo-Trinidadian Case
This paper examines gender role changes among Indo-Trinidadian families in the post-colonial era. Interviews were conducted with over 60 men and women in Trinidad, West Indies. They spanned two generations—those who raised families after WW 2 period (a period of decolonization) and their children who began raising families as globalization intensified. Their experience is more complex than labor force involvement for women, since the latter were already productively engaged as indentured laborers and later as free agricultural workers. One significant change has been from arranged marriages to marriages of choice--a mark of the empowerment of women (Grahame 2006). This paper focuses on changes in women’s and men’s roles in reproductive work and analyses the conditions under which these changed. Notably, data reveal some men’s growing engagement in affective work in relation to children. Rural/urban and class dimensions of change are explored.