Social Construction of Migrant Women: Focusing on Status of Sojourn and Civic Stratification
While all three groups are expected to fill the void of the gendered roles in order to support Korea’s current social system, each group’s construction is differentiated through stratified qualifications and civic rights, according to the intersecting axes of gender, nationality, and age as well as their ‘purpose’ in Korean society: gendered ‘menial’ service jobs and care work, reproduction of the nation, and/or sexual exploitation.
I recognize the law as a key factor by which target populations are defined, categorized, and situated. The law not only reflects the already existing social construction of target populations, but also creates, changes, and reinforces such construction. It is through aggressive intervention of the state in the form of civic stratification that a specific population is regulated and managed into a particular social group. This analysis on the laws affecting migrant women and their differential statuses of sojourn will be able to disclose the Korean-specific construction of migrant women as a racialized gender as well as the migrant ‘other’, while exposing Korea’s gendered anxiety as a nation-state and a fairly new host country.