Cross-Border Labour Commuting in the Central European Region: Emerging Patterns and Implications
My aim is to portray current patterns of cross-border labour commuting and its implications through
(1) A longitudinal survey on commuters (N=1.345) and non-commuters (N=1.334) residing in the regions of the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary bordering on Austria,
(2) 20 expert interviews with labour market experts, mayors and business owners in the border regions and
(3) 10 narrative interviews with cross-border commuters.
Mobility of labour is one of the main aims of the Centrope strategy 2013+. Yet the actual patterns and implications of mobility in this region have not sufficiently been subject to academic research so far. Literature on the impacts of labour mobility is predominantly focused on economic interests, e.g. the labour market outcomes, the influence on the wage-setting in the recipient local economy, the extent of remittances or the recruitment costs for low-skilled temporary workers. Favell (2008) has called for more micro level work on the human face of migration – the lives, experiences and networks of this new migration in Europe. Therefore I want to fill this gap.
The empirical data is gained in the course of the research project TRANSLAB, funded by the Vienna Science and Technology Fund WWTF (2012-2015) at the Department of Sociology, University of Vienna.