Limits of Ontologies Constructing Sustainable Development
a/ The theme of the environment is present in the years 1980/1990 as a mediation and educational ecology, ensuring compromises with institutions (Funabashi). His theoretical elaborations combine ontology of risks (environmental and social) and counter powers (Beck); The ecological citizenship promotes new relationships between coordination and deliberation (Dryzeck); Cb/ The thematic of Global Warming brings up a reassessment of the global public v common good, accompanied by multilateral negotiations between government and green capitalism. The couples between experts and environmental policies is overcomed by the difficult combination between political and economic. The dissolution of the object and the goal of sustainable development, can increase the uncertainty and criticism of sustainable development (Boissonade). The ontology of the common future is not a simple addition of the previous ontologies (Nature, Risk Counterpower). It involves a reconfiguration of the problem, of the related mentalities and cultures, of the tools and methods of the political responses. The reflexive analytical approach must include specific genealogies on the different stages of formation of the problem and its reconfiguration ( Elias).