Limits of Ontologies Constructing Sustainable Development

Thursday, 14 July 2016: 09:45
Location: Hörsaal 50 (Main Building)
Oral Presentation
Gilles VERPRAET, University Paris OUest Nanterre, France
Shin-Ock CHANG, JEJU National University, South Korea
The notion of ontology is defined as knowledge of the social being . But it does not provide the conditions for socio genesis of this social being .We will apply this analytical questioning in the category of sustainable development, its genealogical changes. The concept of sustainable development is presented as a conditional ontology of the future and its risks, as an ontology of policies involving the construction of the future and the risks.  The question is to overcome the limits of uncertainty on  its object and its  incomplete reasoning by a  genealogical approach to the various constructions of sustainable development. between the changing relation  between nature / culture (Descola).A genealogical approach enables to disentangle certainties and uncertainties in the constitution  of object (Foucault, Derrida, Husserl).

a/ The theme of the environment is present in the years 1980/1990 as a mediation and educational ecology, ensuring compromises with institutions (Funabashi). His theoretical elaborations combine ontology of risks (environmental and social) and counter powers (Beck); The ecological citizenship promotes new relationships between coordination and deliberation (Dryzeck); Cb/ The thematic of Global Warming brings up a reassessment of the global public v common good, accompanied by multilateral negotiations between government and green capitalism. The couples between experts and environmental policies is overcomed by the difficult combination between political and economic. The dissolution of the object and the goal of sustainable development, can increase the uncertainty and criticism of sustainable development (Boissonade). The ontology of the common future is not a  simple addition of the previous ontologies (Nature, Risk Counterpower). It involves a reconfiguration of the problem, of the related mentalities and cultures, of the tools and methods of the political responses. The reflexive analytical approach  must include specific genealogies on the different stages of formation of the problem and its reconfiguration ( Elias).