Cross-National Differences in Attitudes Towards Income Inequality and Government Policy to Reduce Income Inequality
First, this paper follows changes in these attitudes and values from 1988 to 2012 using the International Social Survey Program (ISSP). There are trends across 31 countries. Second, this paper examines cross-national differences. The ISSP covered a total of 45 countries. Third, socio-demographic differences in general are examined and especially the impact of cohort, education, gender, and labor-force participation. Finally, multi-level, multivariate models are used to determine what individual-level and country-level variables explain the variation across countries and the changes over time. The specific gender role/family values changes are then related to general theories of modernization and globalization.