Precarious Workers' Collective Actions in Italy: Between Silos and Synergies in the Fragmentation of the Working and Social Life
In Italy there is an emergence of several micro-struggles organized by precarious workers but, on the other hand, there are difficulties to organize large-scale workers movements and to strengthen a wider cooperation between the labour movements and other social movements. This paper presents the findings of a long-term research (2009-2015) on the workers’ collective actions in Italy in the contexts of work fragmentation and precarity organized by unions, associations, self-organized networks, considering the conflict and the cooperation among these actors. Analysis concerns different sectors, professions and working conditions: temporary workers, unemployed people, freelancers, knowledge workers, cultural workers, migrants in agriculture, subcontracting units, franchising companies, and broad campaigns against precarity. Research methodology adopted several approaches: in-depth interviews, focus groups, workshops, participative observation, questionnaires.
What are limits and opportunities of the precarious workers’ collective actions? What are their organizing models? What is the meaning of action? What are goals and orientations they want to affirm? What are impacts and trends for the union organizations? In conclusion, what factors are in favor of silos or synergies for the collective actions in the fragmentation of the working and social life?