Social Identity, Procedural Justice and Political Outcomes: Testing of the Social Activists' Involvement in Anti-Authoritarianism Struggles in Belarus
The data for the study was collected in survey research of social activists’ sample (N=556). Formulations of questions were adapted from Tom R. Tyler elaborations (Tyler & Caine 1981; Tyler & Blader 2003) and modified to make them reliable to measurement of social activists’ judgments on social identity (identification, pride, respect), procedural fairness and outcomes (outcome level, outcomes fairness, outcome satisfaction) in Belarusian context. Besides of this, scale was elaborated to measure the degree of involvement into the social struggles.
Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to verify whether the proposed model is a valid measure for relationships between observed variables and their constructs. Firstly, procedural justice, involvement into social struggles and three social identity measures (identification, pride, respect) were loaded on latent variable – social identity. Secondly, three outcome judgments (outcome level, outcome fairness, outcome satisfaction) were loaded on latent variable – political outcomes. Then regression analysis was conducted to test 1) the relationships between social identity and degree of involvement into the social struggles; 2) social identity mediation between procedural justice judgments and political outcomes; 3) social identity mediation between political outcomes and involvement into the social struggles.