Enhancing Gender Equity in Opportunities for International Collaboration: Policy Implications of Three Studies
This paper summarizes results from three evaluation studies conducted over the past decade, implementing multiple research methods to describe institutional policies that enable science faculty and students at various types of institutions to reap the benefits of international collaborations. The experiences upon which surveys and interviews were administered spanned 2001-2014; similar items included in all three studies enable synthesis of results across three diverse sets of participants (i.e., men and women; individuals from different types of universities and types of positions). Data from a working meeting of international experts on gender and cross-national collaboration are included. We examine U.S. scientists’ assessments of issues related to gender and “comfort” in the international settings where the collaborations took place, making comparisons across world geographic areas. This paper closes with concrete policy recommendations for universities, government and non-government funders of international collaborations, and individuals.