Occupational Segregation, Trade Unions and the Gender Pay Gap
It is yet unknown how the two mechanisms – occupational segregation and labour unions – are related. Which role do labour unions play at the trade-off between wages and reconciliation in female and male occupations? Heinze and Wolf (2010) show that the coverage of collective wage agreements in industries with a high share of female union members is associated with a higher gender pay gap. They conclude that women in unions are rather involved in negotiating reconciliation plans than wage increases.
The contribution’s aim is to shed more light on the connection between occupational segregation, union density and the gender pay gap. In doing so, the socio-structural category “occupation” is specified through reconciliation characteristics and, related to this, the role of union density within jobs.
Using the German Socio-economic Panel (2000-2013) combined with data of the “BIBB/BAuA-Labour-Force-Study“ (2006) we describe several reconciliation characteristics as well as union density in female, male and mixed occupations. It is shown, if those jobs with higher share of female union members are indeed associated with a better reconciling of work and family life. Further we test, which combinations of occupational characteristics and union density enhance or reduce the gender pay gap.