The Effectiveness of Hands-on Activities of AAC (Augmentative & Alternative Communication) Tools.
Although earlier studies have pointed out that capable caregivers can use AAC tools successfully by encouraging patients to imagine using these tools, there is few studies, which deal with the process through which caregivers get capable. To improve the quality of assistance, measures to improve the caregivers’ skills should also be examined.
The author analyzed the data of the questionnaires (n = 326) that were distributed to the participants of hands-on activities conducted by ICT Rescue Team, an NPO in Japan. The sex, age, and credentials of the participants were noted. They were also asked about their knowledge of the tools before the activities, comprehension after the activities, and confidence in using these tools clinically. The author used logit regression models to statistically investigate whether comprehension enhances confidence regardless of prior knowledge to measure the effectiveness of hands-on activities.
Results showed that it is possible for participants to become highly confident in using AAC tools after hands-on activities, even when they do not have much prior knowledge about these tools. This is objective evidence confirming that these activities have a positive effect on the communication needs of MND patients.