Diversification of Fatherhood Figures in France As a New Trend That Follows Depatriarchalisation
Our research, at a micro level, highlights different figures of fathers by crossing these symbolical and practical dimensions. Besides the traditional figure of the breadwinner and the tragic figure of the socially failing father, we will draw attention to new patterns of involved fathers, illustrating each figure by a portrait. We will show how these figures are being built in interaction between families’ experiences and social policies. For instance, we can observe a voluntarist policy towards single mothers in order to restore fatherhood within the family.
This work is part of a research project about parenthood financed by the French National Family Benefits Fund. We interviewed 60 families of different types: large, with step-mothers and step-fathers, migrant or bi-cultural and same-sex families and 25 early childhood professionals. We chose families with a new born baby because birth situations put at stake family roles and the links between families and institutions are reinforced at children’s birth.