Fracturing the Nation: Muslim Youth Accounts of Belonging in Nigeria, Pakistan, and Senegal
The research processes involved female and male focus groups conducted with Muslim youth in higher education in each country case, with the support of local youth researchers. The focus groups aimed to provoke discussion of youth’s affiliations with respect to nation, religion, gender and ethnicity. In this paper we discuss how youth’s discursive constructions of identity and national belonging in all three contexts were interwoven with religion in ways that were consistently gender inflected. The analysis further traces how these discourses of belonging constructed both socio-cultural allies and ‘others’ within and beyond regional and national boundaries in ways that worked to fracture rather than to produce a shared national imaginary.