Human and Social Sustainability: Development of Man As ' True ' Development.
The Human and Social Sciences, originally put aside from the discussions relating to the ' environment ', are from the new perspectives of development, intrinsically implied in the issue. If, on one side, it is not possible to think of Development, referring only to the uncontrolled progress, at the same time it does not fit the concept of sustainability any longer only with the purposes of environmental protection. By engaging the culture, social participation, education and health, the concept of Development widens towards the Human and Social Sciences.
To relate the environmental subject to issues such as sustainability shows us a path towards a development based on the use of the natural resources. Within this context, the
psychology and sociology have much to contribute in the methodological and political confrontation when proposing that the development of man is the real development.
The initiatives aiming the discussion of the development processes and the search for alternatives to a model in crisis date back to the second half of the 20th century. It is a social construct, with advances and setbacks. During the decades that separate the United Nations Conference on Environment, held in Stockholm in 1972, and the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in 2012, in Rio de Janeiro, the issues surrounding the sustainable development have led to important advances. Some concepts influenced the construction of development models that consider the importance of culture, social environment and ethics. The creative and inventive power of man becomes to be placed as a key issue facing the sustainability.
When we talk about new possibilities of development, such as sustainability, the promotion of culture, the local space, the participation of civil society, social relations, ethics, solidarity and the environment, we are talking about new values, new ideas and, why not say, new beliefs.