Land Use and Legitimacy of State the Institutions

Wednesday, 13 July 2016: 09:45
Location: Hörsaal BIG 2 (Main Building)
Oral Presentation
Monica VARGAS-AGUIRRE, Universidad de Chile, Chile
Social relationships are always in a territory, and always also this affects the construction of them, establishing a reciprocal relationship. Today more than never the study of this link is necessary. Given that have emerged worldwide social-territorial movements whose demands beyond being against global capitalism, are related to self-management, self-organization, local demands and in times crisis even appear against the state.

This work attempts to show how the "spatial segregation" and "territorial concentration of power" have been naturalized in urban settings, despite obvious fragmentation inequality and violence that produces and the impact over that this have over the “legitimation of social order current”. It is a preliminary analysis of the interview results applied to Chilean’s elite during the year 2015.

Why Chile would be interesting how case of study? Because this country is the paradigm of the neoliberalism around the world. In the eighties, Chile implemented the recipe of the Structural, adjustment from the World Bank literally. That is even before of  John Williamsons and his systematization of the concept "Washington Consensus", it mean: “Fiscal discipline; decrease public expenditure; tax reform; financial liberalization; deregulation of exchange rates; trade liberalization; foreign direct investment; privatization; and property rights” (Auty & Toye, 1996), with attendant consequences for the urban space. It means increase of the urban segregation and the inequalities in general. Chile is among the 20 countries with the worst income distribution in the world, a situation that has not changed in the last 40 years (Castillo, 2012)).