Reskilling Vietnamese Nurses Under the Japan-Vietnam Economic Partnership Agreement:
An Analysis of Practice Examination of Japan's National Board Examination for Nurses Given in Vietnamese Language
In this study, a Vietnamese version of the 103rd NBE (held in March 2014) for nurses in Japan was given to Vietnamese nurses, who were selected as ‘candidates’ to go to Japan. The aim of this study is to find the pattern of choosing the correct answer in the practice examination by controlling the language barrier. Amongst the 129 participants, no one satisfied the acceptance criteria of 40 points or over for General Questions, and 167 points or over for rest of the questions. By area of nursing, Japanese examinees represented the highest correct answer ratio in Geriatric Nursing (83.7%), whereas Vietnamese nurses scored highest in Holistic Care of Nursing Practice (54.0%).
The result of the study indicated that there is a great difference in the percentage of correct answers between Vietnamese and Japanese examinees. We must consider that socio-cultural differences between two countries, such as differences in the scope of nursing, the health care system and the nursing education program may cause such differences. Therefore, instructing Vietnamese nurses by stressing these areas is necessary for the success in Japan’s NBE.