Youth Citizenship Participation: An Empirical Test of a Conceptual Model
This paper encompasses different participation ways that are defined here under the umbrella of citizenship in youth population. It involves a civil dimension, which refers to the relationships with the community and informal or civil associations; as well as a civic dimension, that refers to the relationships with formal institutions and the political system, such as voting and membership to political parties.
Both sides of the phenomenon make the notion of citizenship as a more appropriate concept to encompass the dimensions of political socialization in younger cohorts. Second, in order to advance the empirical implications of this conceptual distinction, the paper estimates a measurement model of the citizenship concept, using a multigroup confirmatory factor analysis with the purpose of evaluate the citizenship conceptual model with a representative sample of 8th grade students in 35 countries (n=130.000 students) that participated in the International Civic and Citizenship Study. Finally, the present paper evaluate the measurement invariance levels to assure that the measured construct between countries are the same, in order to improve the comparability.