Transition to Old Age and Population Heterogeneity: A Comparison Between Two Latin-American Countries
In this work we compare the characteristics of the transition to old age of men and women of different birth cohorts in two Latin-American countries that are at different stages of their demographic transition: Brazil and Uruguay.
Using data from National Research by Household Sample of both countries, the population characteristics that distinguish elders from adults are analyzed, focusing in three specific areas: the domestic sphere, the labor market and health conditions, attending at the differences by gender and educational levels. From the theoretical life course approach, elderly population is conceived as a heterogeneous group, and hypothesized that such heterogeneity has been increasing since the last decades in both countries but at different rhythms, making the experience of aging more diversified. To this end Entropy analysis is used.