The Israeli Kibbutz – from Commune to Cooperative?
Do those transformations change the nature of the kibbutz as a commune? One claim is that the process the kibbutz undergoes is "a non-total revolution", while others claim that the abandon of some core principles of the kibbutz like differential salary change totally the identity of the kibbutz. Some theories of communal study predict that the process of decommunalization will lead the commune to become a regular capitalistic enterprise. The kibbutz can be defined now as a production cooperative. Kibbutz enterprises are collectively owned, decision making is made by the general assembly. Contrary to cooperative principles, kibbutz members can work outside the kibbutz and must live in the community. The kibbutz keeps some of its communal aspects like mutual responsibility
The contemporary kibbutz is neither a commune, nor a cooperative, and surely not only an economic enterprise. It may be considered as a unique way of life.