How the Market Influences Formal and Patient Systems of Support for Long Term Condition Management: Stakeholder Accounts of Commonalities and Differences Across Six European Countries
Ninety semi-structured interviews were conducted with key stakeholder informants in Bulgaria, Spain, Greece, Norway, Netherlands and UK. Interviews were transcribed and analysed using thematic and textual analysis.
The infrastructure and culture for supporting self- management practice was viewed as driven by political decision-makers, the socio-economic and policy environment, and the ethos and delivery of financially incentivised formal health care systems. Three key themes emerged 1) social environmental influences on self-management 2) reluctance or inability of policy makers to regulate processes and environments related to chronic illness management 3) the focus of healthcare system governance and gaps in provision of self-management support (SMS). Nuances in the salience of themes between countries related to the presence and articulation of dedicated self- management policies, drug company involvement and the impact of measures resulting from economic crises and public spending on shaping illness management.
There is a need to acknowledge meso level influences and the private market and economic and policy challenges in addressing people's capacity to undertake self-care activities.