Institutional Trust and Political Involvement in Comparative Perspective. the Variation in the Impact of Precarious Employment
The general assumption is that precarious employment, flexibility in the labor market damages trust, loyalty and commitment and, consequently, has a negative impact on trust in political institutions, on participating elections or on involvement in other political actions. A country variation is expected on the ground whether an insider or outsider labor market operates in the country. European Social Survey data are used and this dataset allows differentiating between the following country types: social democratic (DK, FI, NO, SE), liberal (UK, IE), corporatist (BE, CH, DE-w, NL), Mediterranean (ES, FR, PT), post-socialist (DE-e, HU, PL, SI). More ESS rounds are merged but the timeframe (2000-2014) allows only a limited analysis of temporal changes. Number of countries is restricted to those having data from all rounds.
The paper intends to study a) the difference in how precarious employment influences the political outcome indicators; b) the difference between the country types in affecting political attitudes and behavior.