Modernity, Social Change and Despair: A Nursian Perspective
At the beginning of the modernization of the societies some famous sociologists tried to find the problems which existed after industrial revolution. Karl Marx spoke about the problem of alienation as one of the major problems of humanity. Max Weber also talked about human conditions, as he believed that humans are enslaved by roles and regulations. Emile Durkheim maintained the problem of Anomy. It refers to the condition of humans becoming enslaved by depression and desire.
Today, religious faith and modernity are among the most powerful forces shaping the world. As is generally understood, from the beginning of human societies people have always been searching for happiness. This study will focus the role and place of belief, hope and optimism in Modern Capitalist Societies.
Said Nursi is one of the famous thinkers and theologian of Turkey, in his Damascus Sermon stressed the problem of the rising to life of despair and hopelessness in social life in the Muslim Society which is also relevant for today. He also suggested some solutions to this problem. In paper I have elaborated Said Nursi’s social theology which can be considered to be a theology of reform.