How the Paradigm Shift in Germany's Family Policy Affects Mothers' Labour Force Participation
Two data sets and different analytical techniques are applied to assess the effects of both policy reforms. Based on the Socio-economic Panel (SOEP) we apply event history techniques to analyse the effect of the parental leave reform of 2006 on the labour force participation of mothers on individual level. Regional data for the years 1996 to 2012 were used to analyse the determinants of the FLP of mothers with toddlers on district level by applying changing rate regressions for the years of child-care facilities expansion. Results of the SOEP analysis show, that the parental leave reform caused an increase of FLP after the 12th month of a child. However, this effect only exists for the first but not for the second child. The regional analyses show that the different tempo of expanding child-care facilities affects recent changes in FLP. However, the results show that policies which are supposed to stimulate gender equality strongly depend on the cultural background and the economic structure of the regions.