Towards a De-Ontologized Notion of Society
This raises the question for a new foundation of a theory of society that offers a higher degree of de-ontologized thinking. I would like to propose strengthening Günthers notion of polycontexturality that has been partly adopted by Luhmann, who is using it as a description for functional differentiation. Drawing from the idealist tradition (Fichte & Hegel), Günther formalizes social relations. Instead of assuming an ontologically fixed entity as social or psychic systems, he starts with the immediacy of being and reflexivity that does not have to be given a fixed ontological place but is thought of as logical area (contexture). Starting from this purely formal concept he develops a theory of multiple reflexive positions that link up to what he calls compound-contextures. From this perspective a theory of society would be less clear-cut and much more dynamic. The ontology of a society consisting of orderly function systems would give way to a vibrating notion of interlinked, ontologically not defined reflexive spheres.