Attractiveness and Destruction: Polanyi and the Ambivalence of Products of Modernity
But these products are linked to basic structures of modernity which are according to Giddens industrialized production, capitalism, state structures and bureaucratic structures of surveillance and control. Whereas this modernity functions in democratic as well as in authoritarian systems it implies in any case a radical change for pre-modern structures in production and society. In this sense the so-called “Islamic State” is as modern as the USA. This radical change has been analyzed by Polanyi in his “Great Transformation” and criticized by James Scott in “Seeing like state”. A theory of modernity has to meet the challenge to offer a conceptual framework that marks the communalities of modern societies and includes at the same time their diversity and captures the ambiguity of “products of modernity”.