Re-Familialism or De-Familiamlism? the Social and Political Economy of Changing Childcare Diamond in Taiwan
undergone transformation and reconfiguration. Accordingly, whether these newly policy developments represent the ideal and institutional break with the male breadwinner model becomes the heated debate.
There are two major concerns in the paper: First, this paper aims to identify what are the major features of childcare expansion? What are the policy discourses and debates regarding the ideal role of state in terms of governing, funding, and provision? And what kinds of strategies government implement in order to creating a conducive environment for childbearing? Second, this paper uses the “care diamond theory” as analysis framework to further examine how the boundaries between the state, market, family, and community have been shifted in terms of sharing the responsibility for childcare? Finally, this paper aims to explore what are the major forces
behind this policy transformation.
The preliminary results shows that, though with more financial investment and regulation from government, the structure of care provision, and caring ideology still remains unchanged. However, there is significant differences between infant and toddler care: the core feature of infant care is strong re-familiailsm and limited liberal de-familialism; as for toddler care, strong liberal de-familialism orientation. In terms of the changing role of government, though increasing intervention and investment in childcare, major strategy is subsidy-oriented, in the discourse of market mechanism and parental choice.