Urban Gardening and Collective Agriculture in Vienna - Citizen Partizipation As Neoliberal Strategy?
In this presentation, we ask how decision making is shaped within such processes using a Foucauldian approach. Based on participant observation and interviews with community garden and collective agriculture activists, as well as members of the city administration, planning institutions and semi-state organizations, we analyze government technologies relevant in this regard. We distinguish three basic levels of corridorization of such initiatives: (1) definition of the field of possibility through city plans and development guidelines, (2) exclusion of incompatible initiatives by repression and juridical means, (3) activation of individuals as creative subjects.
Participation serves different functions according to the development tasks as defined by government: (1) to transfer knowledge about local identity formation to support the branding of new city areas, (2) to increase acceptance of top down-planning by communicating planning rationalities and by offering limited options for co-design, (3) to functionalize people for processes of the culturalization of the city, (4) to create an image of a permeable state acting to fulfill the needs of citizens. These functions are altered by dynamics of reinterpretation, appropriation and resistance of subjects.
We conclude that (1) participation primarily serves a technology to govern within a neoliberal urban development (e.g. positioning Vienna within the international city competition), that (2) this attempt has to deal with non-intended social dynamics, which (3) nevertheless do not reach a level of impact able to significantly influence neoliberal agenda setting.