Postgraduate's Image about Future Scientific Work
The study employed data of expert survey which took place in autumn of 2014. Participants were recruited through e-mail invitation sent out to 21 Saint-Petersburg Institutes of the Russian academy of science and 4 Saint-Petersburg State Universities. We analyzed 151 responses, what is 2.0% of general community in SPb. Three groups of postgraduate students were chosen: natural sciences postgraduates (physicists, geographers, chemists, biologists, physiologists etc.) (n=48); technical sciences postgraduates (engineers, constructors) (n=50); humanities postgraduates (economists, sociologists, philologists, linguists etc.) (n=53).
Problems of formation of new generation of scientists are constructed as early as in the process of post-graduate education. Analysis of the motivation to enter postgraduate school and beliefs about research activities based on common knowledge about science, resources and effectiveness of work and problems it affecting, as well as some social characteristics allow obtaining a portrait of the "typical postgraduate student". Based on the analysis of the responses to the question about possibilities of gain in science, one can conclude that the postgraduate students think that scientific work as of a primarily individual, creative, well-paid, conferring scientific worker with a high social status "scientist", free from formal norms, and therefore allowing free mode of work that does not require physical effort.