Social Topography of Innovation Space: On the Role of Institutions, Networks and Cognitive Space
In this paper, we are analysing the factors shaping the social topography of innovation space. The theoretical background is Jens Beckert’s theory of social fields. Hence, we model the influence of three social forces – institutions, social networks and cognitive frames – on social topography of innovation space. On the basis of data compiled from a variety of international comparative sources (Global Competitiveness Report, World Competitiveness Yearbook, Innovation Union Scoreboard etc.) we test our model by conducting a comparative analysis on a sample of 30 countries. We conduct, firstly, structural equation modeling to analyze the causal relations within the proposed model. Secondly, fuzzy-set analysis helps us to combine the theoretical concepts with the empirical data and identify the necessary and sufficient conditions and the possible combinations of these conditions in determining the social topography of innovation space. We conclude the paper by examining how we can use the three social forces in purposeful attempt to improve innovative performance.